Die Premier League (außerhalb Englands auch English Premier League oder EPL) ist die höchste Spielklasse im englischen Fußball und befindet sich damit. Die ausführliche Tabelle mit allen detaillierten Informationen zur Hin- und Rückrunde der Premier League - England 20/21 - Kreis Internationaler Fußball. Premier League / Aktuelle Meldungen, Termine und Ergebnisse, Tabelle, Mannschaften, Torjäger. Die Liga auf einen Blick.
Premier League 2020/2021 Live Ergebnisse, Liveticker, ResultateDie Premier League (außerhalb Englands auch English Premier League oder EPL) ist die höchste Spielklasse im englischen Fußball und befindet sich damit. Die ausführliche Tabelle mit allen detaillierten Informationen zur Hin- und Rückrunde der Premier League - England 20/21 - Kreis Internationaler Fußball. Premier League / Aktuelle Meldungen, Termine und Ergebnisse, Tabelle, Mannschaften, Torjäger. Die Liga auf einen Blick.
Englische League Flashback: Keane wins it on Wolves return VideoTop 10 funny English football chants
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Abbrechen Versenden. The National League had a single division for the first 25 years of its existence, but since the —05 season has consisted of three divisions.
The original division was renamed Conference National currently National League and two new regional divisions one level down were introduced, Conference North and Conference South currently National League North and South.
Two teams have won the National League three times: Barnet , , and Macclesfield Town , , Prior to Barnet's and Macclesfield's third title wins, five other clubs had also become champions twice: Altrincham , , Enfield , , Kidderminster Harriers , , Maidstone United , , , and Stevenage Borough , Kidderminster also finished second in and Lincoln City became the seventh club to win the National League twice , , but subsequent to Barnet's third title.
Only Barnet was promoted to the EFL on all three occasions; Maidstone's first title came before the era of automatic promotion, while Kidderminster Harriers, Macclesfield Town and Stevenage Borough were denied promotion because their grounds were not up to the required standard at the time of their first win.
However, all three were promoted when they took their second title. Altrincham are the only team in history to retain the title, as at the time there was no automatic promotion to the EFL.
The first five of them have since returned to the League, Luton and Orient by winning the title, and the three others by winning the playoff finals.
Additionally Luton and Oxford are the only clubs to have played league matches against each other in all top five tiers of English football.
Bradford Park Avenue also played in the First Division in its previous incarnation, however their current incarnation has only reached as high as the North division.
As a consequence, there was no guarantee that winning the National League would result in promotion, and none of the league's first eight champions were promoted.
This changed in , when automatic promotion and relegation between the Football League Fourth Division and the National League was agreed. The first clubs affected by the new system were Lincoln City, who were relegated and replaced by Scarborough.
However, although the champions of the National League are entitled to a place in the EFL, this was dependent on their stadium meeting the set criteria for membership.
For three successive years in the s, the National League champions were denied promotion to the EFL on these grounds. Since , when Macclesfield Town won the title for the second time in three years, every champion has been promoted.
Since , the National League has been awarded a second promotion place. Through , this was decided by a play-off system similar to that of the EFL.
The four teams below the National League champions played against each other in semi-finals over two legs, with second playing fifth and third playing fourth.
The winners of these ties then played a single final game known as the Promotion Final, with the winners gaining the second promotion place. Doncaster Rovers were the first team to win the Promotion Final.
Prior to , relegation from the National League meant dropping to one of the three feeder leagues below. After Chester City failed to avoid expulsion in , three teams were relegated instead of four, to either the Northern Premier League , Southern League or Isthmian League , based on geographical criteria.
In turn, the champions of these three leagues would be promoted to the National League. The closure of Chester City during the later stages of the —10 season was the first mid-season closure of a club in the division since Newport County in the second half of the —89 season; on both occasions, the records of both clubs were expunged.
In , a restructuring of the National League System saw the creation of a new level immediately below the National League; two regional divisions now named National League North and National League South were created, with the feeder leagues dropping below them.
The four teams relegated from the National League i. In May , the National League proposed a revamp in the play-offs for all three divisions.
Under the new system, the number of teams playing for promotion was increased to six. Watch when Aston Villa's Republic of Ireland striker rifled in a shot against the club he started his career with, sealing a victory.
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Confirmed: Reds' travelling squad for Leipzig External Link. Lampard updates on Ziyech injury External Link. Close Advert. A new Second Division was formed in with the absorption of the rival Football Alliance.
The bottom clubs of the lower division were subsequently required to apply for re-election to the League at the end of each season.
Accrington F. Bootle were dissolved because of financial problems. The Second Division increased to 15 clubs for season — Instead of three clubs expanding the division, five were added to make the number to fifteen.
In Loughborough replaced Walsall Town Swifts. Automatic promotion and relegation for two clubs was introduced in when the previous system of test matches between the bottom two clubs of the First Division and the top two clubs of the Second Division was brought into disrepute when Stoke and Burnley colluded in the final match to ensure they were both in the First Division the next season.
After a few years other northern clubs began to catch up, with the likes of Newcastle United and Manchester United joining the League and having success.
From , Aston Villa —, —10 , Liverpool —01, —06 , Sunderland —02, —13 , The Wednesday —03, —04 , Newcastle United —05, —09 , Manchester United —08, —11 and Blackburn Rovers —12, —14 all won two titles prior to the outbreak of the First World War , while Everton added a second title to their much earlier success in the last season, — It was not until the early years of the 20th century, and the expansion of both Leagues to 20 clubs in , that further southern clubs such as Chelsea and Clapton Orient later Leyton Orient , Fulham and Tottenham Hotspur established themselves in the League.
There would be a further wait until before a southern club, Arsenal, would win the League for the first time.
Unlike in most other Leagues in Europe, no single English club managed to remain an ever-present in the division during the one hundred and four years of its existence as the top division in the country.
Everton come closest, missing just four seasons through relegation, and remain one of only three clubs in England to have played over top-flight seasons, along with Aston Villa and Arsenal.
The League was suspended for four seasons during the First World War and resumed in with the First and Second Divisions expanded to 22 clubs. On resumption West Bromwich Albion —20 and Burnley —21 , both original 12 clubs, won their first-ever titles in Albion's case their only title to date.
In , leading clubs from the Southern League joined the League to form a new Third Division, which in was renamed the Third Division South upon the further addition of more clubs in a new Third Division North.
One club from each of these divisions would gain promotion to the Second Division, with the two relegated clubs being assigned to the more appropriate Third Division.
To accommodate potential difficulties in this arrangement, clubs in the Midlands such as Mansfield Town or Walsall would sometimes be moved from one Third Division to the other.
Following this burst of post-war growth, the League entered a prolonged period of relative stability with few changes in the membership, although there were changes on the pitch.
In , a new offside law reduced the number of defending opponents between the attacking player and the goal from three to two, leading to a large increase in goals, and numbers on shirts were introduced in Between and , Huddersfield Town were the first team to win three consecutive league titles and never won another one, though they finished as runners-up for the following two years.
This was equaled by Arsenal between and , during a period from to in which they won five titles out of eight.
Manchester City —37 became the only other club to be added to the list of Football League winners prior to the outbreak of the Second World War , the fourteenth club to achieve the feat since — In the season Everton won the title for the fifth time, but suffered the same fate as in , being champions when football was suspended due to the World War.
The League was suspended once more in with the outbreak of the Second World War, this time for seven seasons.
The Third Divisions were expanded to 24 clubs each in , bringing the total number of League clubs to 92, and in the decision was made to end the regionalisation of the Third Divisions and reorganize the clubs into a new nationwide Third Division and Fourth Division.
To accomplish this, the clubs in the top half of both the Third Division North and South joined together to form the new Third Division, and those in the bottom half made up the Fourth Division.
An earlier suggestion that the Third Division South should become the Third Division and the Third Division North become the Fourth Division on the basis of better attendances and that they tended to fare better when promoted was rejected.
Clubs to win their first League titles in the quarter-century following the Second World War were Portsmouth —49 and —50 , Tottenham Hotspur —51 and —61 , founder members of the League Wolverhampton Wanderers —54, —58 and —59 , Chelsea —55 , Ipswich Town —62 and Leeds United — Tottenham Hotspur became the first club in the 20th century to win the League and F.
Cup 'Double' in —61, a season after Wolverhampton Wanderers had come within a whisker of achieving the feat themselves Wolves won the —60 F.
Cup and were runners-up to Burnley in the League by a single point. Post-Second World War changes in league football included the use of white balls in and the first floodlight game played between Portsmouth and Newcastle United in , opening up the possibility of midweek evening matches.
By far the biggest change for league clubs during this era was a new cup competition open to all the members of the League, the Football League Cup , which was held for the first time in —61 to provide clubs with a new source of income.
Aston Villa won the inaugural League Cup and, despite an initial lack of enthusiasm on the part of some other big clubs, the competition became firmly established in the footballing calendar, although it was not until the dawn of the s that all 92 Football League clubs regularly participated in the competition season after season.
Substitutes 1 per team per match were first allowed for injured players in , and for any reason the next year.
Millwall won 1—0. The first ever Sunday top flight game was between Chelsea and Stoke a week later. Beginning with the —77 season, the clubs finishing level on points began to be separated according to goal difference the difference between goals scored and goals conceded rather than goal average goals scored divided by goals conceded.
This was an effort to prevent unduly defensive play encouraged by the greater advantage in limiting goals allowed.
In the event that clubs had equal points and equal goal differences, priority was given to the club that had scored the most goals. There has been only one season, —89, when this level of differentiation was necessary to determine the League champion, and this was the occasion of one of the most dramatic nights in League history, when Arsenal beat Liverpool 2—0 at Anfield in the last game of the season to win the League on this tiebreaker — by a single Michael Thomas goal in the final minute of the final game of the season.
Both teams would finish with the same amount of goal difference, but Arsenal scored more goals during the season. Two clubs won their first League titles during the s: founder members of the League Derby County —72 and —75 and Nottingham Forest —78 , both clubs managed by Brian Clough and Peter Taylor.
Nottingham Forest's title in —78 turned out to be the last occasion that a first-time champion won the First Division title during The Football League era, before the First Division clubs formed the Premier League in The next first-time League champion club would be Leicester City in the —16 season, the first such during the Premier League era.
Another important change was made in , when it was decided to award three points for a win instead of two, a further effort to increase attacking football.
This scoring rule was not added by FIFA to the World Cups until the cup after the perceived dominance of defensive play at Italia The early s also saw a significant decline in league attendances as a result of the recession and the ongoing problem of hooliganism.
This did no favors for the financial position and league standing of numerous clubs, and several — including Wolverhampton Wanderers, Swansea City and Middlesbrough — were almost forced out of business as a result.
The fortunes of the First Division clubs suffered a fresh blow in when all English clubs were banned from European competitions as a result of the Heysel disaster , where rioting involving Liverpool fans at the European Cup final in Belgium resulted in 39 spectator deaths.
In a similar vein, playoffs to determine promotion places were introduced for the —87 season so that more clubs remained eligible for promotion closer to the end of the season, and at the same time to aid in the reduction over two years of the number of clubs in the First Division from 22 to For the first two seasons, the playoffs were contested between the lowest placed team to avoid automatic relegation and three highest placed teams to miss out on automatic promotion in the division below, before it was altered from the —89 season to include just the four clubs who had missed out on automatic promotion in the Second, Third and Fourth Divisions.
At the same time, automatic promotion and relegation between the Fourth Division and the Football Conference was introduced for one club, replacing the annual application for re-election to the League of the bottom four clubs and linking the League to the developing National League System pyramid.
Emblematic of the confusion that was beginning to envelop the game, the number of clubs at the top of the league would return to 22 for the —92 season, which increased competitiveness in the —91 season as four teams would be promoted from the Second and Third Divisions instead of the normal three with seventh place being the minimum position for the playoffs , while in the Fourth Division an unprecedented five promotion places were up for grabs, with eighth place being high enough for the playoffs.
The end of the ban on English clubs in Europe also helped boost interest in English football. However, the economy was now in another recession , and added to that the clubs in the top two English divisions were faced with the requirement of having all-seater stadiums by —95 to comply with the Taylor Report that followed the death of 96 Liverpool fans as a result of the Hillsborough disaster in April The League also expanded to 93 clubs for the —92 season and planned to raise the number again to 94 clubs for —93, but after Aldershot and Maidstone United both went out of business within a few months of each other in mid, this plan was abandoned.
The issues creating the uncertainty in the game all centred on money. At the close of the season, a proposal for the establishment of a new league was tabled that would bring more money into the game overall.
The Founder Members Agreement, signed on 17 July by the game's top-flight clubs, established the basic principles for setting up the FA Premier League.
The argument given at the time was that the extra income would allow English clubs to compete with teams across Europe.
During the —92 season, the First Division clubs resigned from the Football League en masse and on 20 February , the Premier League was formed as a limited company working out of an office at the Football Association's then headquarters in Lancaster Gate.
There was no change in competition format; the same number of teams competed in the top flight, and promotion and relegation between the Premier League and the new First Division remained on the same terms as between the old First and Second Divisions.
The —92 season had ended with 92 clubs in the Football League, with the 93rd club, Aldershot, having been declared bankrupt and forced to resign from the Fourth Division a few weeks before the end of the season.
However, this number would soon drop to 70 due to the closure of Maidstone United at the beginning of the —93 season, and the Football League abandoned its expansion plan.
This meant that there would once again be 92 clubs in the highest four divisions of English football. There were few major changes to the structure Football League in the 12 seasons which followed the breakaway that created the FA Premier League, perhaps the only notable changes being an expansion to 72 clubs from 70 for the —96 season after the Premier League was streamlined to 20 clubs from 22, and the introduction of a second relegation place to the Football Conference from the end of the —03 season.
However, following the formation of the Premier League, it became increasingly difficult for newly promoted clubs to establish themselves in the top flight.
Whereas newly promoted teams had once normally survived for at least a few seasons in the old First Division, it was now the norm for at least one newly promoted club to be relegated straight back from the Premier League to Division One.
In the nine seasons that followed the formation of the Premier League, at least one newly promoted club suffered this fate — and in the —98 season it happened to all three newly promoted teams.
There were exceptions, however; including Blackburn Rovers, who were promoted to the Premier League on its formation and were champions three years later, and Newcastle United, who were promoted in and finished in the top six for the next four seasons, finishing Premier League runners-up twice.
The trend of relegated clubs to win an instant promotion back to the top flight continued, however.
In the 12 seasons following the formation of the Premier League, there were just three seasons where none of the newly relegated sides failed to win an instant return to the Premier League.
The widening gulf between the top two divisions of English football can largely be put down to the increased wealth of the Premier League clubs, and the wealth gained by these clubs — combined with parachute payments following relegation — has also made it easier for many of them to quickly win promotion back to the top flight.
In spite of the economic prosperity between and , many Football League clubs did run into financial problems during this time, although none of them were forced out of business.
Some of these clubs were faced with financial problems as a result of the lost revenue resulting from Premier League relegation and a failure to return to this level, as well as the collapse of ITV Digital in Just after the end of the —02 season, South London based Wimbledon were given permission to move to Milton Keynes , some 70 miles from their traditional home.
A relocation on this scale was unprecedented in English football, and led to the majority of the club's fans switching their support to a new fan-formed club, AFC Wimbledon , who joined the Combined Counties League.
The club's move to Milton Keynes was completed in September , when they became tenants of the National Hockey Stadium until a new permanent home was completed four years later, and the club's name changed to Milton Keynes Dons in June